Tag Archives: F. Scott Fitzgerald

F. Scott Fitzgerald Stories To Be Re-Released with Original Profanity, Sexual, Racial Content

It’s been roughly 90 years since F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote the stories that were published in the Saturday Evening Post and later published in a collection entitled Taps at Reveille. But those stories will now be re-released in a newly edited version.

According to The Raw Story, the Taps of Reveille is being re-released including what editors believe are the versions of the stories F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote initially. The versions of the short stories were edited severely when they were published for the Saturday Evening Post in the 1920s and 1930s to exclude curses, racial slurs, religious slurs, and sexual content. At the time, Fitzgerald was criticized for not being more realistic about that era. But as it turns out, he was realistic about it; those sections were simply edited out, as Scott Kaufman explains.

Absent from the versions published in the Post were overt references to sexual acts or situations, statements of profanity, remarks betraying racism or antisemitism, as well as most mentions of drunkenness and all references to drug use. For example, in the story “Two Wrongs,” the despicable protagonist, Bill, describes a person as a “dirty little kyke,” a slur against Jewish people. Despite the fact that uttering the phrase made an unpleasant man more unlikable, [Fitzgerald’s literary agent Harold Ober] cut the remark before sending the story to the Post.

It’s unclear when the new edition of the collection of stories will be released.

 

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Movie vs. Book: The Great Gatsby

Contributed by Sam Holle

**Note: Spoilers of both the novel and the movie are included in this post, and this is a longer post than I normally blog, but considering the buzz around this movie, I thought it was warranted.

If anyone who knows me were to tell you about me, I’m sure my obsession with The Great Gatsby would somehow make its way into the description.  I’ve read the book ten times and can recite whole lines of it in my sleep. With its perfect mix of mystery, romance, and heartbreak, it is the great American novel.  It captures the spirit of the 1920s in all of its liquor-fueled, Charleston-dancing glory.  The book’s themes of unattainable love, longing for the past, and wealth acting as both a facade and a security blanket aren’t specific to the 1920s.  In short, the story of Jay Gatsby is timeless and relatable.  I have been against the movie ever since I saw the first trailer last year.  So, naturally, I saw it on opening day.

The movie certainly encapsulated what made the 1920s “roaring”: loud parties, extravagant outfits, fast cars, over-the-top fits of drunken joy and rage.  Having seen Moulin Rouge! and Romeo + Juliet, I knew Baz Luhrmann would at least be able to nail the parties at Gatsby’s–and did he ever. The parties are larger than life and successfully translate Fitzgerald’s words into a visual spectacle of booze, sequins, and confetti (and in 3D, it’s almost like you’re there).

But the 3D doesn’t translate well to the other parts of the movie. It just adds unnecessary flashiness. In the movie, When Nick gets drunk at Myrtle and Tom’s apartment, he is also drugged by Myrtle’s sister. This doesn’t happen in the book, and leaves him and the viewer feeling lost, confused, and perhaps a little nauseated.  What is a Baz Luhrmann movie if someone isn’t hallucinating on drugs?

Despite the glamor of the party scenes, the majority of the movie was dizzying, choreographed, and highly impersonal.  I felt nothing for anyone. The characters in the movie seemed like bad caricatures of the ones in the book.  Jordan Baker might as well not even have existed in the movie, as there is never a relationship between her and Nick and she is used only to supply us with the narrative of Gatsby’s life.

Jason Clarke as George Wilson was excellent at being pathetic, giving off the perfect forgettable vibe that is so essential to George’s existence in the book.  Nick’s recovering-alcoholic-writing-in-recovery seemed lazy when I first heard about it, but it works for why Nick (who, in the book, is simply considered a “bond man”) is writing the book in the first place.  But generally, Nick and the rest of the gang are empty and uninteresting.

The only exception is Leonardo DiCaprio as the ever hopeful, sometimes vulnerable Jay Gatsby.  Unfortunately, his character isn’t fleshed out as much as he could’ve been, and no one shows up to his funeral.  In the book, his father comes and gives Nick some insight into the real James Gatz, something the movie would’ve benefited from.

The book was quoted extensively, but often times quotes were cut short and replaced with watered-down translations of the actual lines, as if the screenwriter assumed the audience would be too dumb to understand what the character was saying.

The best use of quotes from the book is in the movie’s climax (and possibly best scene), when Gatsby, Nick, Jordan, and the Buchanans go to the Plaza Hotel and Gatsby desperately tries to get Daisy to leave Tom.  The interactions between Daisy, Tom, and Gatsby are believable, tense, and awkward–everything Fitzgerald intended for it to be.

The scene is almost word for word what is written in the book, with one dramatic exception.  At one point, Tom points out Gatsby’s facade and predicts that he will be unable to care for Daisy if his whole life has been a lie, which Gatsby responds to by destroying the bar, grabbing Tom by the collar, and screaming in his face.  After this violent outburst, Daisy changes her mind and seems afraid of him.  This never happens in the book, and is almost insulting to people familiar with it.  In the novel, Daisy changes her mind because she is comfortable with Tom.  She is accustomed to domestic violence (frequently calling her husband a “hulking brute” and pointing out bruises on her hand caused by Tom), so it is unrealistic to think that Gatsby yelling in Tom’s face would be the catalyst for her refusal to leave him.  She knew she’d never leave Tom from the moment Tom pointed out how Gatsby made his money.  Tom’s money is inherited; Gatsby’s money is earned through questionable practices.

A recurring topic of discussion in the book is the issue of bad drivers (at Gatsby’s parties, Jordan’s attitude about bad drivers, and Daisy’s reckless behavior behind the wheel, to name a few), yet this is never mentioned in the movie.  It is glossed over with the actual scenes of accidents, Gatsby swerving around other drivers, and the drivers of any automobile rarely looking at the road in front of them.  The metaphor about bad drivers and people who are careless about others’ emotions (namely Tom, Daisy, and Jordan) is an important realization Nick makes in the course of the novel, but one that is lost in all of the swirling cinematography.

My final gripe with the movie is the soundtrack.  The soundtrack is great, but do we really need to hear every song played in the background of every scene?  And how many times (and in how many renditions) do I have to hear “Young and Beautiful” by Lana Del Rey to get the point they’re trying to make about exterior beauty and shallowness?  And was anyone in 1922 driving into NYC blasting “Izzo” by Jay-Z?  I understand the need to want to make this “modern”, but it is unnecessary.  The themes of the story are timeless, and Jay-Z doesn’t have to be used to reach an audience in 2013.  I think Fitzgerald did that well enough on his own when he put pen to paper in 1922.

The movie is chock full of visual excitement, but very little else.  When reading the book, whole lines of text can jump out for being poignant, meaningful, and beautifully written.  At the end of the movie, lines literally jump out at you in 3D cheesiness.  The book deserves the title The Great Gatsby because Fitzgerald didn’t have to beat anyone over the head with meaning or water-down his words with easy-to-understand replacements.  I hate to say that I actually found myself bored a few times.  The movie title might’ve been more accurate if it were The Flashy, Leo-Driven Gatsby  or The Okay Gatsby.

Final say:  The Great Gatsby will never be a good movie.  This was a decent effort, but it fell flat in many places.  As an English teacher, I’d prefer it if Baz Luhrmann left literature alone and let good writing speak for itself.

Watch the The Great Gatsby trailer here.

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Review: The Great Gatsby

RecapThe Great Gatsby is a classic novel about love and money  and the way they develop Jay Gatsby, a man who spends his life chasing two things – fortune and a woman named Daisy. Gatsby lives on Long Island, throwing lavish parties regularly and flaunting his money in a 1920’s pre-Depression era. Across the way live his former flame, Daisy, and her husband, Tom. Next door is the new neighbor and narrator, Nick Carraway – one of Daisy’s cousins.

Gatsby and Nick quickly become friends, though Nick has a difficult time learning Gatsby’s story. He ultimately finds out that Gatsby and Daisy used to date until he enlisted in the Army. By the time he came back from the war, Daisy had married a man named Tom. Nick reconnects Daisy and Gatsby, and their old feelings soon return.

Meanwhile Tom is having an affair with a woman named Myrtle. When her husband finds out about their affair, it results in an argument and devastating car crash. It’s a crash that leads to two more deaths in this small group of people. And just when you think Daisy might end up with Gatsby after all these years, it becomes clear how shallow and definitive Daisy’s decision to marry Tom always was and always will be.

Analysis: The Great Gatsby is a rarity; it’s one of those classic novels that toes the line into popularity, something not often accomplished by books that are praised for their literary prowess.

But Gatsby’s combination of the setting (the Roaring Twenties), scandal, and themes about love and greed make for a book that both appeals to readers and makes a greater social statement.

Not to mention, Fitzgerald’s descriptions and use of symbolism are breathtaking. The eyes on a large billboard near the railroad track represent Gatsby’s stalking obsession with Daisy and his need to be with her. The use of a billboard also emphasizes commercialism, advertising, and money. Green lights along the water and coming from Daisy’s home symbolize Daisy herself and her real true love – money. After all, she married Tom for money. That’s what encourages Gatsby to force wealth upon himself and appeal once again to Daisy.

But above all else, it’s Gatsby that both amazes and astounds us. He’s wealthy, but it’s new, dirty money. He’s kind but only to those that help him. And he’s fun, but only if he’s getting closer to his ultimate goal. As Nick often admits during his narration, Gatsby engrosses him with that beautiful smile, even though there’s something devilish about it.

MVP: Gatsby. Brooding, complicated, and charming. He’s the perfect bad boy in every way, and despite his massive flaws, he’s what draws us all into this classic novel.

Get The Great Gatsby in paperback for $9.

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